Artemis upgrade and 100 kHz IR OPCPA system
22 Sep 2021



Artemis has moved to new labs and is being upgraded with a 100 kHz IR OPCPA system, in a joint project with Ultra.


​​​​​​​​Layout of the new Artemis labs in the Research Complex.

Artemis is just completing a major upgrade. We have moved the facility across the campus to new, larger, labs in the Research Complex at Harwell, adding a new 100 kHz laser system (a joint purchase with Ultra) and a new XUV beamline.
The new laser uses OPCPA technology to provide mid-infrared femtosecond pulses at 100 kHz repetition rate. For Artemis, the mid-infrared will enable the generation of higher photon energy XUV pulses and the higher repetition rate allows smaller samples to be studied. For Ultra, the appeal is the ability to provide broader spectral coverage at high repetition rates, for faster data acquisition, and more efficient generation of mid- to far-IR pulses.


Artemis has moved to two adjoining labs in the Research Complex at Harwell​ – a multidisciplinary building on the Harwell campus that houses the CLF’s Ultra and Octopus​​ facilities. The move doubles Artemis’ floor space. The Research Complex also contains complementary groups and facilities such as the XPS facility, chemical prep labs and the UK Catalys​is Hub. It’s located next to Diamond Light Source.
The smaller of the two labs holds our two laser systems, while the larger lab holds three parallel XUV beamlines, and IR spectroscopy stations for Ultra. A custom-built external plant room holds chillers, cryo-compressors and backing pumps to minimise the noise levels in the lab.

The new Artemis labs, showing the ARPES and AMO end-stations (left and centre respectively). The imaging beamline is nearest t the camera, and the 1kHz monochromatised beamline is behind it.

​100 kHz IR laser

The new laser system is a 100 kHz OPCPA system​ from Fastlite. The system has several outputs: a femtosecond CEP-stable fixed-wavelength mode for HHG, a tunable mode that is more suitable for IR spectroscopy, as well as a picosecond tunable mode. The laser system is pumped by a Yb:YAG system from Trumpf Scientific, based on an industrial micro-machining system.​

100 kHz OPCPA system in the new laser lab.

​1 kHz Ti:Sapphire laser

The existing Artemis 1 kHz RedDragon laser has been upgraded with a third amplifier stage to provide 2 x 8 mJ pulses. This will enable us to offer HHG with second or third harmonic drive in conjunction with tuneable outputs from the Topas OPA system, or to further amplify the output of the OPA or hollow fibre.

1 kHz Ti:Sapphire system fully re-installed in the new laser lab.
New beamlines
A new XUV beamline ​for the 100 kHz laser system has been built. It includes a flat-field spectrometer and a monochromator. The time-resolved ARPES experiments will be the first to move to this new beamline.

The new 100 kHz XUV beamline.

The coherent lensless imaging beamline has been extended, to enable longer focal lengths to be used to increase the high harmonic flux. The monochromatised XUV beamline has been fully refurbished with new optics, and we have made changes to the geometry of the monochromator to better protect the optics.​

IR spectroscopy stations

Ultra will develop IR spectroscopy stations, to allow us to initially evaluate the performance of the stable, broadband mid-IR (> 4 µm) output of the new system. As well as the appeal of using such a source for ultrafast IR spectroscopy, the narrowband (~ 20 cm-1) pump laser opens up new opportunities in ultrafast Raman and unique hybrid narrowband/broadband capability, such as surface sum frequency generation and multidimensional spectroscopy techniques (e.g. electronic-vibrational-vibrational).

Current status

The 100 kHz laser system has met specifications at the factory and has been installed in the new laser labs. We are now working with  the laser engineers to learn how to run it and go through site acceptance tests. The 100 kHz beamline is fully assembled and under vacuum, and we are aligning the XUV optics.

The 1 kHz laser is up and running, and we are now running user experiments. The 1 kHz monochromatised beamline has now been fully recommissioned with new XUV optics. We measure an order of magnitude higher XUV flux compared to the old Artemis beamline.
​We are now running with a full complement of staff in the labs.​ We expect to run experiments through 2021 with slightly smaller user teams on-site (two to three people at a time) and more remote support.​

The first user experiment in the new Artemis labs in Oct 2020. Our first user was former Artemis team member Cephise Cacho, now at Diamond. The rest of the team participated remotely from France. Beamline scientists were Charlotte Sanders (pictured) and Yu Zhang. 

Contact: Springate, Emma (STFC,RAL,CLF)